version: Aug 01, 2013
The Picture shows Lucretia Borgia as blessed beatrice II of Este, and at background monte-cero’s antenna
SUBJECT: Humanitarian heritage suppressed to public eyesight and public memory exploited exclusively by few
Include historical/religious information about blessed Beatrice I d’Este, Blessed Beatrice II d’Este and Blessed Beatrice III d’Este Queen of Hungary, Lucrezia Borgia, and Saint Contardo d’Este.
Document Type : Essay/ Location: Italy
First publishing: 2011 , latest 2013
Some real names of places and people have been replaced with other ‘crypto-names’.
Chapter I. Places and History.
The essay concerns about very important historical and religious aspects, a really true great humanitarian heritage suppressed to public domain.
Why this happens?
Before all, the historical valorization of places can interfere with:
- exploitation of existent quarries;
- proliferation after 1970 of antennas: today one of the majors antennas site in Italy;
- Exploitation of saint relics.
- Ferrara power that has take the preeminence over the matter.
There are also other deeper reasons, like the chaos generated by Lucrezia Borgia, we talk forward.
About two years ago we nicknamed the town of Ferrara with the name of Erinni, and we titled the first version of this essay “Erinni” too. We took a lot of prudence treating the case, so the first version came out with some real names deleted and/or replaced by nickname. Nowadays we reveal some secrets about, therefore we have restored the major part of crypto-names and nicknames into original names.
Ferrara —or Erinni— is an Italian town founded around the Po river, we have named the case with its name in the reason a lot of mysteries here documented related to the same town and have origin in it.
Into document, sources and resources are referred as src000, src001, src00n… or prt001, prt002, … Sources, schemas, pictures and resources are all reported at the end of the document.
What there would be behind bad events, which involved those people who enter in contact with the mystery of Erinni? A monk found dead during some his researches in a ancient convent, a religious who dies soon after he had discovered —and sent— important information about the mystery, a family persecuted in order to force it to leave a fundamental location on which it happened important facts, two researchers stopped in investigation and menaced, and finally, a top’s prosecutor, who received a detailed report about, definitively expelled from national association and downgrade to simple employer. Those above are only some situations occurred.
The mystery has its roots in Middle Age. The house of Este, an important European dynasty, had a daughter who founded a convent into Monte-Gemmola hill. Beatrice is her real name. She became famous and saint. When she died her brother had a daughter too, who took the same name. She moved into another region and into Ferrara she founded a new convent too. She became famous and saint too. The two Beatrice kept their body intact over centuries. Over three centuries the two convents kept relationship and members from one convent moved to the other and vice-versa. Moreover, the dynasty had another daughter with the same name who became queen. She was a niece of the founder of the Ferrara convent and a cousin of the Gemmola convent founder. She became famous and saint too. The Gemmola convent was suppressed into 1600 and the body of her founder was translated into Padua. In early 1960s Beatrice’s body was translated again and she returned for an entire day into the Gemmola hill exactly where there was her convent and was successively brought into a church of the near village of Este (Padua), where she is still there. The other Beatrice is buried inside the Sant’Antonio convent in Ferrara, which still exists nowadays and is a destination of pilgrimages. The third Beatrice —the queen of Hungary— has disappeared and no one knows where she is buried today.
A lot of historical information about the dynasty and its saints is kept into three principal different areas. The first area includes Este, Gemmola and Calaone that is a nice territory surrounded by hills. The second area includes Ferrara and its province and the third area includes the city of Modena. Finally there is a fourth area formed by the village of Broni and its province in which the body of the Beatrice’s saint brother is buried. Data was spread principally into the three above areas on which dynasty moved it during centuries. Information about dynasty and above facts remained common available until 1970. However it’s to say that some piece of information were not shared but remained separated and confined into respective local places and exploited on purpose to gain memory and power.
All above aspects came into light more than three decades after the monk departure, into 2004, exactly when two persons with the love for history and holy places started to study all aspects of territory. They inevitably entered in contact with the Erinni mysteries we have indicated. Trying to resolve some mysteries they understood and knew instinctively that they were facing a historical and spiritual hidden treasure. Beside the joy of their discoveries they collected a lot of disappointment. When they made public their researches instead of glorious they found obstacles and persecution. However, thanks to their work it was possible to resolve some questions about the Erinni case and consequently to write this essay.
The two researchers, Daniele and Barbara Francese, discovered that a lot of magazines and newspapers kept in state archives and libraries, published before 1970 and reporting information about the Erinni case, were with some sheets missing! Sometimes into important places, like into churches, it remained tracks of past events like a piece of writing, or a written text engraved in a wall, to remember a certain event or a procession, or an old paint and a prayer to avoid a disaster… But all these tracks remained isolated, however those things still continued to live like silent witness, many people look at them without understand their importance.
The two researchers in 2004 discovered that Calaone citizens were totally in the dark about their glorious past (See Figure 1- 2). They collected important information into the three areas merging data into their work. They found common errors made by other researchers and writers. They recovered in September 2004, the monk’s book forgotten into Ferrara library and other important documents. In the same year they passed their research, some books and other material to Calaone authorities and they personally spread an information paper house-to-house. They communicate news about their discovery both to Calaone and Ferrara bishop. However, soon they realized that their life had been put in danger, exactly like the other ones of all people who entered in contact with the Erinni case. When they realized all this it was too late, therefore foreseeing their premature death and seeing indifference into authorities they made public in 2005 their researches into Internet pages. They were persecuted and to survive they had to leave their home. Into following years they understand better the reasons of their persecution, some ones we will report in this document.
1. Calaone and Este are villages situated among hills about five kilometers one another. The Este dynasty took its name just from the village name. The dynasty moved its residence after it inherited properties and castles in the area, one situated in Este plain, and another safer castle in Calaone situated about 200 meters above sea level. The saint daughters were born in the latter place. The area was an important European center of culture. Calaone is about three kilometers from Este. Calaone and Gemmola are hamlets included into the Baone’s municipality (today about 3000 inhabitant) See Resources-Chapter IX.
2. Badia Polesine is a little town in which important dynasty’s ancestors, Azzo II and Cunizza of Altdorf, were buried in an ancient abbey, of which now it exists only the central part —the core where the monks met— and is still like on the origin. It’s about 30 km from Este into the Rovigo province.
3. Ferrara (Erinni) is an Italian town founded round a river. It gained importance after the Estes moved in Ferrara its residence. The dynasty built in Ferrara a great castle and some palaces, surrounded the new town with walls as it used in medieval age, and fixed on it an important center of culture and commerce.
4. Modena is the town where the dynasty moved after 1600 and until the establishment of the Unified Reign of Italy into XIX century.
5. Broni is a little town, which has as its patron saint Contardo (the supposed brother of Beatrice III). One can find Broni moving westward toward the setting sun.
Nowadays the city of Modena and Ferrara are still existent, as well as Calaone, Badia Polesine, Broni and Este. After the dynasty departure, Calaone lost its importance and today is a nice hamlet, unfortunately its great castle is no longer existent because it was totally destroyed in latest 1200 decades and never rebuilt. Local people to build their own houses utilized its stones. On the contrary Este still has its medieval castle. Nowadays, Este, Ferrara and Modena are municipalities, while Calaone is a hamlet under the district of Baone. Este and Baone are situated into the province of Padova. Ferrara and Modena constituted by themselves a province and Badia Polesine is into the province of Rovigo.
Both the monk who was found lifeless into the library of convent and his biography about Beatrice II written around 1963, are essentials. We refer to the former simply using the term ‘the monk’ or his real name ‘Faustino Mostardi‘ and to the latter using the terms: ‘the 1963 Monk’s book’ or ‘the Monk’s book’.
Since the dynasty took the name from the village of ‘Este’, the same term refers both to the dynasty and to the town. The former is also referred as “The house of Este” or Estensi or the Estes.
Erinni is both the name we assigned to Ferrara and the name of the case, and as you will see below, strictly correlated to Lucrezia Borgia.
One of the three saint daughters belonging to dynasty married in 1234 a European king who led a crusade in Holy Land. So she became a Queen of Hungary. During crusade the King was very interested in whatever holy object belong to Christianity. When he comes back into his land he brought with him a lot of precious objects and even sacred body components of saints. He had got a great treasure. One year after their marriage, the king died by illness, and during his last months, his sons plotted snares. It happened a coup d'état and the Queen, pregnant, was imprisoned. She had success in escaping camouflaging herself as soldier and thanks to her friendship she came back into Italy. Give that she was pregnant she represented a menaces, because his son could come back to power as legitimate successor. In an early stage the Queen hide herself into the Calaone castle and then into the safer convent of Monte-Gemmola hiding herself among nuns. But never becoming a nun too. He had a son who was like his father and her grandson return to reign as king. His land wanted him to return to power, tired of bloody reigns established after. The Queen died in Italy and she was buried near her saint aunt who had her same name, in Gemmola. But after the suppression of the Gemmola convent during the following centuries her body disappeared and even today no one know where she is buried.
Giving that the king’s treasure was missing, many think that Queen escaped with the treasure and at her departure she was entombed with precious. There are many treasure hunters who are still searching to localize her sepulcher hoping to arrive first and to find with her the precious treasure too. The treasure should be a jewel or something similar, coming from Holy Land, and it’s just this provenience that gives it an inestimable value, and instigates an extraordinary clandestine hunting.
During their studies Barbara and Daniele Francese*, between 2004 and 2005, encountered several people who populates libraries, convents, archives and any else place in order to find trails about the treasure.
The thing should not be underestimated, the period in which the Queen lived is very important as well as the contacts that she really had.
Indeed Barbara and Daniele really found the treasure. But it’s different from expectations: it’s a spiritual treasure, a charisma, embodied and hidden in the life of the three saint daughters who have the same name. A sort of rebus that people must decode. It’s just a form of higher wisdom: —“High things”, Barbara and Daniele said referring to the entire situation. The two researchers found an incredible blessed bloodline among successors of the dynasty, as if Heaven would have come down into Earth and into Hearths of these saints. They reported only some aspects, but not all.
When the two researchers began to study, in only few months they realized to have found an immense treasure, but when they made public their results they faced to enormous problems too.
We explain into next part.
.1 The Calaone Treasure
Really, the treasure is just a part or attribute of Calaone, the area on which the three saint Beatrice lived: two of them surely was born in place, as well as another saint, brother of Queen Beatrice (the birthplace of first Beatrice is officially considered Este, but it might be Calaone too).
Hunters have no interest that information about is spread.
Do you remember the novel “I Promessi Sposi”, written by Alessandro Manzoni? In that novel, Manzoni, an Italian novelist and poet (1785-1873), narrates about powerful and rich man who wanted to stop the marriage about two young people, Renzo and Lucia. It’s famous the phrase “Questo matrimonio non s’ha da fare / this marriage hadn’t to be made” which expresses the domineering command given by such rich violent man, who saw Lucia and wanted her at all costs.
This man was so dangerous and powerful that he was never identified by his name: in the novel he was called ‘L’innominabile’ that means ‘the Unnameable’.
Well, also in this case there is the Unnameable, with his group of people. In brief, the clique of the Unnameable saw the treasure and wanted it at all costs!
.2 The Unnameable leadership
Undoubtedly, Ferrara had and has the leadership in managing information, and it influences both Calaone and Este: the Unnameable came from this town. For an unwritten command all news about Beatrice and Calaone had to be managed and/or buried here, especially in the convent founded by Beatrice II. Often the banal excuse was improving studies, but generally the situation just runs as if all saints Beatrice and other related information would be strictly copyrighted by Ferrara clique…
When our researchers (Barbara and Daniele) kept in touch with the director of the Ferrara ecclesiastic library, situated into the building which take care to educate priests, it came into light that director knew nothing about the existence of some papers stored into Beatrice’s convent. Moreover, he incredibly asked to two researchers for a favor: — “if you enter into Beatrice’s convent, could you take me back the books lent to monk by this institute before his departure?” Barbara and Daniele turned pale. Their thinking about were:
§ “How could one have success to see documents confined inside convent, if neither the important director can do it?”
§ Why Ferrara’s ecclesiastic library director didn’t collect information about the important manuscripts hidden there (while he keeps all others)?
§ Why all manuscripts, paper, and proofs collected by the monk, and consulted in the convent, never came back to original owners/sites?
Sometimes the original site of important documents was Ferrara, sometimes it was another basilar town inhabited by the ancient dynasty: it seemed that in Ferrara not all followed the Unnameable, therefore it was preferable to subtract materials to owner, too.
How one could enter in a convent, especially in a cloister like the one of Beatrice II? One should crushes the wall, or enter with soldiers! Neither the above director had successful to do it. Our researchers tried to enter asking access through some letters sent firstly to abbess and then to bishop, but unfortunately the former denied the access and the latter never responded. Barbara and Daniele’s letters reported a request to read a particular document stored into convent library, written in the 1940s, describing the special charisma of every Beatrice (The first Beatrice had a particular characteristic, a ‘gift’, and also both Beatrice the Second and the Third had one particular charisma). The letters represented also the will of Calaone citizens (parish priest included). But bishop never answered to them.
Also ‘civil power’ was involved, that is, some person who wanted to lead things in a certain direction. In Ferrara the business involved publications, copyrights, advertising, museums, recommendations, exhibitions, funding… In brief a lot of money and friendships.
When our researchers, desiring to work with Ferrara municipality, offered their knowledge, it happened that Town Hall answered: «The three Beatrice are ours; if we really need of a ulterior study, we have our researchers». The conversation stopped after these few words. It was absurd: indeed the ‘three Beatrice’ are a universal heritage, and not a “their thing” as Erinni municipality said. Ferrara spent no one-minute to hear about the two researchers discovery.
Into territories of Este and Calaone there were some particular exploitations of soil, but the situation went from bad to worse when, in early 1970s, a lot of illegal antennas began to proliferate on Calaone hills (antennas were utilized principally as TV transmitters). At the beginning it was an antenna, then two, three… and so on, until Calaone and its hills became within few years one of the most important antennas site in Italy, and what a surprise, still now, the major part of them are even illegal.
After some years Calaone started a legal battle against transmitters and their dangerous electromagnetic fields. Among Calaone inhabitants some diseases —like cancer— increased, and bucolic landscape was ruined. As final point, at beginning of 2000’s decade, it seemed Calaone was winning the lawsuit, and the newspapers reported the triumph of Calaone and wrote that the antennas were going to be moved in another place without human presence around. Strange but real! Despite of good news, nothing changed in the following years: one or two antennas apart, all others remained unmoved. Well, Daniele and Barbara while the fight against antennas were still in progress, they had an idea: their discovery and historical news about Calaone could be the right solution and decisive potent culture equipment in order to eliminate antennas. Discovery would revaluate local territory, culture and religion, and all this would have indirectly chased away illegal exploiters.
Our researchers had to inform citizens about their discovery and they took occasion to do that through a public meeting planned in October by municipality in order to debate about another different imminent problem. Barbara and Daniele surprised people coming into scenery during debate. On the occasion they asked just few minutes to public explain their discovery. Calaone and Baone citizens were surprised but very happy about, but at same time who works in Town Hall were angry, and one of them reproached: “We have lose time: we must decide about other things”.
At the end of debate our researchers remained in place talking about their discovery with some citizens and put on hand of mayor some documents proving their discoveries. In the following months no one phoned to researchers and Baone’s authorities preferred to ignore news. Instead of gratitude, since that moment Barbara and Daniele received bad treatment and hostility from Baone’s municipality.
After their experience of October 2004 our researchers wondered if Calaone really wanted to transfer transmitters, and whether the legal battle was rather only an operation of façade. Their expectative failed and the exploiters had the upper hand. No one newspapers reported news about discovery and this fact sounded for two researchers as the signal that exploiters had the total control of local press and media. All such resulted to Barbara and Daniele impossible to bear.
How could Baone utilize antennas for its interests? And in which manner Calaone is submitted to the Erinni power? They were the two questions the two researchers tried to resolve.
Still today, in 2013 Baone municipality suppresses any information about Calaone castle, blessed Beatrice II, blessed Beatrice III and Faustino Mostardi, —as you can see into specific part of this document— and gives no honor both to medieval personalities who were born in there and to the monk who entitled the first capitol of Beatrice’s II biography “Luce in Calaone”!
Note that Baone only writes about blessed Beatrice I of Este: writes about the convent of Solarola and Gemmola, but it doesn’t mention the presence of Beatrice I at Calaone castle! In few words Calaone is rebuked! See also Chapter VII-Baone’s memory leaks.
During their researches, moving around Calaone hills, Daniele and Barbara noticed a landscape rich of ruins and memories: ruins of convents, vestiges of castles and villas… Such places were inhabited since early stage of civilization and into Roman period. They would like to visit a lot of places, and talk with a lot of people…
A day, into Gemmola hill, a rural worker said them he had discovered an ancient gravestone while he was ploughed the land. And really a lot of information was abandoned on open air during centuries. After the Gemmola’s convent suppression, at the same place or little distant, it was built a villa used by patricians as a farm.
Into the near hill the things made even worse: it was just impossible to visit what remains of the Calaone ancient castle: a reach man purchased the entire hill with a few money, and now he menaced everyone who try to see such places. Someone remembered him that his house is not a normal private house… but that it’s built on history among parts of a millenarian history. However he surrounded the property and it was impossible to access except for his closest friends.
And finally a few words about the historic expert in service at Baone’s Town Hall. He keeps the deepest hate against religion and religious. He said to Barbara and Daniele to have got at home a small part of the blessed body of Beatrice I, and moreover he added that every people like him, inserted in his social connection, had a part, too!
At first he proved to be wrong the presence of the castle in Calaone: —“It’s a legend”, he was going to said on 2005. In response, the two researchers reminded him the memorial located in the Calaone square center, which demonstrated its existence. In fact the memorial reported a poem, hymned to the Beatrice’s II stepmother when, at that time, she was just living in the castle…
He soon replied: “It’s me the person who made to write that memorial by municipality” and added “no one of such dynasty is saint, simply the dynasty purchased the priests in order to be made saints… by contrast, my mother is a very good woman, her name is the same of the Lady, and in her honor I made that ”.
The historic expert seemed crazy. Another private use of common good or simply he wanted to play a joke? Undoubtedly Italians are mama’s boys, but the two researchers were talking about serious things! Probably he didn’t want to admit the truth and tried everything possible to destroy a positive debate including into discussion disorder. After a fought discussion, the expert finally admitted the existence of castle in Calaone. As time passed it came to surface more and more his deeper revulsion about dynasty and its saints. He wanted to understand the Barbara and Daniele’s objective; in fact he believed that the two researchers operated in a direction of an obscure guideline dictated by a subversive action. He referred to them such action using the term “a coup d'état” and exactly the words: “what do you want to do? A coup d'état?” It was an exaggerated passage into his speeches.
Barbara and Daniele were shocked. Is really this the expert of municipality? How is it possible? For municipality they were waste of time, while for the expert they were conspirators. Why officers don’t want to understand the mere truth? That is, Barbara and Daniele have experienced a treasure, and they wanted to share with all people the joy and the right to know. Certain types of treasures, like art, religion, music and beauty can be ‘used’ by all human beings without ending; it’s a common universal infinite good.
The Unnameable, his successors and social connections, made private a universal rare treasure: it was a theft of memory, it was a true suppression of historical conscience, and it was a suppression of spiritual power. For Calaone it was also a sacrilege. History tells about Calaone as one of the most active centers in the early decades of the XX century. What happened later has been a crime against history, against religion, against human beings. It was a barbarity, a subtraction of positive energy, an involution, and a block, both moral and material, of stimulus for improvement.
1. In early 1970s an incredible number of illegal antennas were implanted into Calaone and at the same time it began to disappear information, which told about Calaone as birthplace of saints…
2. The monk who wrote in his book about the Calaone spiritual ‘treasure’ dead in the Erinni’s convent library where he was doing further studies. He was young, sane, a sporty. “A cup of tea”, someone whispered… Some important documents about Calaone were ‘buried’ into the convent library with no possibility to access from outside.
3. Some operas and books published after 1970 suppressed the name of Calaone.
4. An Erinni priest, Felisatti, died soon after he had began to spread news about Calaone.
5. Since 2005 Barbara and Daniele Francese had to escape from home: the Unnameable sent his men directly under their home. They published the result of research on Internet, and sent what they knew to authority. They never returned to a normal life, they were permanently persecuted and today they are living on the edge of survival.
6. The first reports talking about the case, written by Daniele and Barbara Francese, sent to Palace of Justice disappeared without to give them the possibility to met prosecutor.
7. Doctor Mario Villa*, a senior prosecutor working into one of most important Italian court, who received from Daniele and Barbara information about the case and also investigated about the disappeared reports, was transferred to another Court, as chief-prosecutor. A promotion? We are not sure: he was later expelled, transferred in another place and downgraded as normal employer, prohibiting him to return again to work as prosecutor. The banal official reason: he said too much swear words to his colleagues!
8. Still today in 2013, Baone and Este write nothing about Beatrice II, Beatrice III, Faustino Mostardi, San Contardo and Calaone castle!
To shed light on Erinni’s mysteries it needs to study some aspect of international history: the cold war, the international terrorism, the universal fascism and the strategy of tension. The Unnameable is the path to walk along in order to find the key to resolve the mystery.
In Italy he was just considered a hero, a benefactor, a philanthropist, an industrialist, a rich person who gave the first impulse to Italian economy after the war and also our researchers knew him in those terms. Otherwise, some documents of intelligence, written in American language, describe him in another way. The Unnameable was a rich fascist with national and international contacts. Exactly he was one of those fascists survived after World War II, who masked him, in order to persist in power, as non-fascist and philanthropists. He financed study of international fascists, formed and funded international terrorists. Some of men who belong to Unnameable circle were the same men who stay behind the strategy of tension and the numerous Italian coup attempts. One of the centers of such clandestine and subversive activities during 1970’s and into following years was just the Calaone province!
There are no problems for the power represented by the Unnameable in stopping opponents. So the facts happened to Barbara and Daniele Francese*, as well as the others concerning the mystery can be explained through the action of this man and his circle.
About some reason we have already told, but not all we have explained yet. It remains an important delicate question but fundamental. To understand, we must spend some words about Nazism, fascism and their obscure credo.
Nazism and fascism hid into themselves a dark religion, an esoteric credo. Nazis were very fanatic about all things that belong to ancient religion and Christianity, they tried to take possession of relics and sacred things owned by saints and even pieces of saints corps. Inner Nazis members, like the SS chief Himmler, had a fanatic interest in every thing involving blood of saints. They considered having such holy things a form of power and they thought they would have dominant the world with blessed things. It is just in this direction that the Unnameable and his circle operated.
To better understand we report some information:
«The chief of SS Himmler was fascinated by medieval legends, by Teutonic Knights, and by ancient German’s traditions like Runes. Himmler was an expert in religions; he believed to be himself the reincarnation of Enrich I of Saxons (first king of Germany). Into a castle in Westphalia placed inside deep forest, Himmler created an esoteric university and a center of training and initiation for the cream of young people. In the castle SS became soldiers, monk and priests of a new elite cast. Himmler created, in the castle underground, a circular room provided with 12 stones. Into such room every year, at winter solstice, an important ritual takes place. Twelve SS officer burn a bloodstained flag. It was the symbol consecrate by Hitler. The fire evokes the spirit of ancient masters. The ceremonial belongs to an antique ritual. The smoke instills all the room; here some SS officials have omens and premonitions of the future. Near the castle, in the forest core, Himmler has another place for macabre rituals. Every year, at summer solstice, the elected sons of the Reign celebrate Odin, the old divinity of North European people. Rite takes place all night long in an exaltation of death. SS soldiers simulate death in tomb excavate in the rock…»
Into the above-mentioned documents of intelligence one can find the links between the Unnameable and other Nazis like Himmler or the link with other Italian Nazis. Some of such Italians even claimed to descend from the elite of Roman Empire and their delirium seems not so different from the one of Himmler. Such documents explain very well why defeated fascists continued to stay at power and how they obtained support.
During worldwide war, SS members moved into all ancient castles in order to find particular objects. They moved also into Calaone with the aim to find the ‘Calaone treasure’. When Nazis and fascists successors tried to return into power they needed of a particular spiritual place. Calaone was chosen for two reasons: for antennas and for its spiritual magnetism. So they decided to take full possession of material and spiritual graces. They considered Calaone like an engine capable to produce spiritual energy in order to exploit for their own necessities. Unfortunately they have the key to reverse positive into negative. Therefore into Calaone exploitation takes place by telecommunications business —through antennas incomes— but also through a private use of culture and high spiritual things.
Daniele and Barbara Francese, without meaning, had found an international intrigue and it was just for this that their studies were rebuked and instead of gratitude they received persecution. Their case are still open, someone should move in order to save them. We hope this document can both make see the truth and to save the two researchers.
These aspect are discussed into another document: “The Ghost”.
Until now, we have introduced basic historical information. It’s the time to introduce other aspects.
.1 About the name ‘Beatrice’
Beatrice was often used by dynasty as first name of female progenies. It appeared into Este’s family more and more times, but there are only three females into the Estes with such name who are saints. Into following centuries, when Holy See beatified them in order to distinguish one from another they were enumerated. The enumeration followed the chronological order of beatifying, which order was respectively: the elder Beatrice I, the younger Beatrice II and the queen Beatrice III. Notice that the order doesn’t respect the date of birth; in fact Beatrice II is younger than Beatrice III. Sometimes historical archives enumerated too such person, but in contrast with the above method it’s used the date of birth, so the number two is referred to the queen. This aspect is very important because sometime it caused a lot of misconceptions.
The dynasty got its current name from the village where it took residence in XII century. Since then it moved three times within Italian territory.
Since 1100 and until the XIX century when the Unified Reign of Italy was just established, the Este dynasty moved its residence more than one time and exactly into three main places. When dynasty inherited territories and castles into Este and Calaone, it also took residence in the former place taking, as dynasty name, the same name of the village; so since then, ‘Este’ refers both to the village and to the dynasty. Its members added the title of marquises and seigneurs of Este.
They had inherited other land and palaces in region, into a 30 kilometers range around Calaone.
Into last decade of 1100 dynasty gave birth to Beatrice, who became a nun into Calaone and successively found a convent into the near Gemmola’s hill. Daughter nephew Beatrice died into the third decades of 1200 and her body was buried near the convent.
Calaone saw also another Beatrice, who was an offspring of first-Beatrice’s brother. She became queen marrying a European king. Even Calaone saw an ulterior Beatrice belonging to dynasty; she moved to Ferrara, became nun, and founded a new convent down there.
Because of the war against Padova town — whose citizens didn’t want to stay under the power of seigneurs— more than one time, they protected themselves in another safer town, living for some periods into a palace about 30 kilometers to the south of Este. Later, when dynasty conquered full power into the farther town of Ferrara, becoming lords, they moved their residence down there definitely.
Dynasty moved from first-land leaving Beatrice’s body at the Gemmola’s convent.
It happened that into the 1200’s last decade the Calaone’s castle was totally destroyed by Padova. The other one situated in Este was destroyed too, by a tyrant called by Padova. Absolutely the hate of Padova’s citizens against dynasty was so immense that they destroyed furiously the powerful castle of Calaone leaving no wall and assuring them that Calaone dynasty would be never returned. In Este the castle was not completely destroyed: even if the emperor ordered the rebuilding, the dynasty will never come back. For this reason now we only see the castle in Este. However, dynasty maintained some land and other possessions.
During the second decade of 1400 and into the first decade of 1500, some wars and invasions affected the territory of Este, Calaone and Gemmola. The nuns abandoned more than one time the convent of Gemmola taking refuge somewhere. The situation degenerate and into the second half of 1500 the convent was closed. The residual nuns were transferred to another convent in Padova, as well as the body of the founder Beatrice I.
After her body was moved into Padova, even it happened that the body was forgotten into the church of Saint Sofia in Padova.
The cult of the holy Beatrice was observed in Gemmola and Calaone until 1600. Into XVIII century, Pope officially confirmed her cult assigning it to the entire province of Padova.
As spiritual figure she is known simply as ‘Beatrice of Este’, but later to distinguish from the others, she is referred as ‘Beatrice I’ or ‘Beatrice I of Este’. Beatrice who became the queen is known as ‘Beatrice III of Este’ and Beatrice who founded the convent in Ferrara is known as ‘Beatrice II of Este’. This enumeration follows the order with which canonization took place and not the year of birth!
Into XX century Beatrice-I body was transferred into the Este’s cathedral of Saint Tecla.
You can found some aspects of Beatrice I also in the official website of Baone, but in it there’s nothing about Calaone Castle, blessed Beatrice II, blessed Beatrice III —both born into Baone territories — , and Faustino Mostardi!
Into second half of 1200, when dynasty conquered full power into the farther town of Ferrara dynasty moved definitely from first-land and established its residence into Ferrara. Beatrice II, who has become nun just into Ferrara, when she died, was buried into her convent, still now existent.
Until 1500 the dynasty reigned in Ferrara, and the town, under its guide, brought up and became marvelous, rich of palaces, arts and culture. A still-existent castle was built by dynasty into XIV century.
Suddenly, there was the ruin: it seems all began after a descendant of dynasty was practically forced to married Lucretia Borgia, an important world wide well known daughter of a topmost religious figure (just the Pope). Since then things began to go in a bad direction. Dynasty had a bad managing of power and policy: The dynasty had no longer legitimate children! An existent law claimed that without direct legitimate descendants, dynasty would have no longer reigned and would have been expelled from Ferrara.
What remains of dynasty and what refused to move away faced a sadly situation. Holy See excommunicated Erinni with all consequences: commerce stopped, people starved to death, and so on…
Just into one year of such period of misfortune and perhaps as a sign of hard time: the blessed body of Beatrice II, just until that time uncorrupted, unexpectedly dissolved. It happened during her festivity that took place every year at the presence of the devout and abbess. It was shocking: only skeleton and bones remained while just until few minutes before her body was intact. Then, into the following years it began an inexplicable phenomenon. Between October and March, her crypt began “to cry”. Exactly, the stone of her burial started to make many water drops, which were also called the ‘tears of the blessed’. It seemed that a growing phenomenon anticipated catastrophes and sinister events: in fact after some decades dynasty had no legitimate heirs and lost the power and Ferrara.
Irrevocably, the dynasty resigned to go into exile, or better, lost the reign in Erinni, they moved into XVI century into the western possessions of Modena moving also its residence. This is the third important place. They remained seigneurs of such city until they were expelled from Italy when the Unified Reign of Italy was formed into XIX century. Members of dynasty built palaces also in this city, but their fame and power started to reduce. They became colder patricians: away from people, from progress and from politic.
.3 Beatrice III of Este: the Queen
Many people are searching for her, and the reason we have already been written into the Chapter III at «The Calaone Treasure». However, as far we know, just until today no one has had success in searching! Now we introduce more details about her life.
Her father was lord of Ferrara as well as lord and margrave of other towns. Her marriage with an important European king, Andrew II of Hungary, busy on one crusade into Holy Land, made her to become a queen. Beatrice came back to Calaone after the death of his husband. When king died she was pregnant, her life and life of his son were in danger: the fight for succession to the throne was opened and her stepsons plotted against her.
Her son was born in Calaone: many strangers went there to visit the child, “the spitting image of the old king” they said. Then she dedicated to spiritual life in the near convent made by her aunt Beatrice I. She died young and an ancient document reports that Beatrice III was buried next to her saint aunt into Gemmola’s hill. Into following years of her departure her body remained uncorrupted, like Beatrice I: until the beginning of 1600 Beatrice I and III received honor, cult, prayers while they handout graces and blessing, taking a piece of heaven on the earth, on their earth.
After, when the body of Beatrice I was moved to Padova, as consequence of the convent closure, on the contrary, Beatrice III stayed still there into Gemmola’s hill. In regard, after the repositioning in Padova of Beatrice I, important historical information talked about “a dead body, uncorrupted and perfumed by flowers” buried next to empty grave of Beatrice I.
We have reported a short biography, printed in the beginning of 1960, written by a specialist in this sector: it’s in Italian language. It remarks how we have written above.
Figlia del marchese Aldobrandino I, nacque poco prima la morte del padre (1215). Non ancora ventenne (1234), sposò Andrea II il gerosolimitano, re d’Ungheria, il quale nello strumento di nozze offrì alla giovane sposa una ricca dote, quasi presagendo le lotte che si sarebbero aperte per la sua successione. Alla morte del marito (7 marzo 1235), si sottrasse alle competizioni dei figli del primo matrimonio di Andrea, i quali avevano malvisto le successive nozze del padre, e si ritirò alla corte dello zio (, …omissis). Oltre che all’educazione del figlio, si dedicò alla vita religiosa, frequentando il monastero di …, fondato dall’omonima zia morta nel 1226. Visse di grande umiltà, dimostrandosi donna grandis animi. Morì ancora giovane nel 1239 (11 o 23 luglio), e fu sepolta accanto alla zia.
Il Bucellino (Menologium Benedectinum pp 515-516) ci attesta il culto tributato fino al secolo XVII.
Bibliografia: G. B. Pigna»
Today the body of Beatrice III seems to be disappeared and there isn’t in place where it had been buried and signaled until XVIII century. The cult of Beatrice III was assigned by Holy See to Modena, that is the ultimate Italian headquarters of the dynasty.
The choice of Modena depends from three main factors:
1. Beatrice III, differently from her aunt and her cousin, respectively founders of Gemmola and Erinni convents, was neither a nun nor a founder: she simply frequented assiduously the former convent, and was buried next to her aunt. Therefore no convent and/or no church claimed her body successively;
2. Padova never loved the dynasty, her saints and descendents. Padova’s hate is hard to die; also Beatrice I was forgotten for a certain period.
3. When the Beatrice III cult was approved into 1700 the dynasty was already reigning in Modena: Catholic Church entrusted her cult just in this town where were living her descendants and it was the only town in which the memory could stay alive.
As far we know, into XVIII century the cult of every Beatrice (the first, the second and the third) was officially confirmed by Holy See:
Beatrice I had her cult confirmed in Padova;
Beatrice II had her cult confirmed in Ferrara
Beatrice III had her cult confirmed in Modena.
The cult of the first and second Beatrice was assigned just in where their body was located.
Not only Beatrice III disappeared but also today her cult has been forgotten whether into the entire Padova province whether into Modena. Beatrice III was canceled from recent memory: Daniele and Barbara during their researches faced to people who even declared untrue her existence, for example this happened just in Modena where she had to be revered. To the persons of Modena who claimed her nonexistence Daniele and Barbara set again two evident proofs belonging to the same Modena about her holy figure, we tell about: one of those came to surface during a funny and hard discussion inside Modena’s public archive of State.
About first proof we narrate what happened at archive:
«In archives of State Beatrice III seems never existed into history. And according to ultimate literary production (note: which major part is produced by Erinni’s writers) that the indicated father of Beatrice III, indeed he had no progeny! The director was experienced, he was so sure about his ideas that he took not ultimate documents cited but absolutely he extracted and showed to our researchers ancient and original sources. Unexpected, the dynasty genealogy into ancient archives revealed to director what Barbara and Daniele were asserting: oh, wonder, with his eyes he saw the name of Beatrice III, he noticed about her marriage and virtues. The director remained astonished. »
The question was: what are experts doing in Erinni? Why ancient documentations and proofs are so changed and twisted by Erinni’s writers into ultimate works?
«Then the director, convinced by data of his archives, gave all manuscripts and writings to researchers: a ‘Bolla’ produced by court in Holy See appeared from storages, with the list of cult for some saints, including every Beatrice. Unfortunately the enclosed documents with prayers and high mass for Beatrice II and III had been brutally torn and resulted removed, but other important papers still remained!
Our researchers were very happy: it was one proof, it didn’t matter the type of mass or prayer, but there was proof that also the third Beatrice was really saint. Also director was very surprised.»
About second proof.
Daniele and Barbara during their exploration into Modena they examined several Churches, palaces and monuments. In the center of the town they found an important church on which the dynasty put imposing statues, into niches around the internal wall, to remind all saints belonging to dynasty. For each saint it exist a statue and at bottom it’s placed a plaque written in Latin describing a brief characteristics of their life. The church is also called “The Temple of the dynasty”. Obviously, among statues there are Beatrice I, Beatrice II and Beatrice III, each one represented by her statue. The fate made that the statue of Beatrice III is located in a place where it can remain unseen. Daniele and Barbara found it. No one religious of the church knew something about Beatrice III. Religious showed to our researcher a big book on which there should be collected information. The book was an expensive big one usually furnished to tourists, it reported for each statue a photo and a description and further information, but at Beatrice-III’s statue entry there was only reported the photo without any description, neither what there was sculpt into plaque. Therefore the statue itself was one proof of the Beatrice III existence and the proof of her holy nature.
Now, in XXI century, three centuries later the cult of Beatrice III was assigned to the town, what does Modena think about Beatrice III?
It thinks NOTHING, because ON ITS OPINION she doesn’t exist!
And moreover what’s happened to Beatrice III’s body?
This is the body of a holy person, uncorrupted and perfumed, and also the body of a queen: it’s just impossible no one had taken care of it!
Daniele and Barbara kept in contact by phone with some religious of Modena in order to resolve the mystery. One of them answered he knew nothing and added “Maybe the body is abroad, in the land of her husband”. He said that, after a long consult. But what he said is in contrast with other information collected by Daniele and Barbara.
In an ancient abbey situated near Modena, an officer suggested to check data into Ferrara’s convent. Officer said that until some year before there was some documents about into the abbey, but later they were requested by Ferrara and consequently they had been sent down there.
Whatever way you go, the clues always seemed to lead to Ferrara’s convent.
Today, the sad reality is that there is no one prayers for Beatrice III and the cult is forgotten: also civil memory is obscured, as director in archive of State can confirm, because the ultimate literary documents production (the major part coming from Ferrara) doesn’t present all the dynasty descendents. The queen is incredibly rebuked: Ferrara’s writers lay down the law not only in their town but also into every town and place.
Modena wants to ignore what “the temple of dynasty” represents: it is a tangible sign of history but Modena seems to wander into blindness. Even if Beatrice-III’s body was arrived here, now no one remembers, no one sees… But they don’t want to see and don’t want to remember!
About the actual location of body of Beatrice III there’s really a mystery: officially the argument doesn’t matter, —“it’s for stupid, or for people who have nothing to do” someone says—. But behind the scenes, the situation is very different: a lot of people are searching hoping to come first than the others.
For example, a couple of English researchers asked information about Beatrice III in Ferrara’s convent just when Barbara and Daniele were present at that moment. English men went out quickly when Daniele and Barbara proposed to exchange useful information about…
It’s possible that Beatrice, escaping from her reign, took with her the regal inheritance, perhaps maybe a mysterious inestimable jewel. In fact her husband coming back to crusade brought with him sacrum objects, jewels and even pieces of saint bodies belonging to saints. To sum up, rather than to make war he preferred to pick up the remaining part of Christianity. So, as we have already told, to find Beatrice could mean to find a treasure, too.
Barbara and Daniele looking for Beatrice’s body in Este, Calaone, Padova, Erinni and Modena, as well as into other village and town. They examined cemeteries, churches, some accessible convents, and palaces. Their investigations stopped into 2005 for the reason explained into the first part of the document, but they are sure that somewhere there are both the body and the treasure.
.4 The Badia Polesine question
The house of Este has its ancestors buried into the ruin of Vangadizza: an ancient abbey located in Badia Polesine, a small town within the province of Rovigo. Badia Polesine is about 40 minutes by car from Este. Barbara and Daniele explored what remained of the ancient church and monastery searching for clues about dynasty.
Nowadays, what remains of ancient abbey is very little: only the inner rooms where monks met —made up by ancient stones— is preserved and all around there are some ruins, walls, and some buildings built on site over centuries. The area is inside the Badia Polesine center. Despite the situation, who moves into the area makes a real voyage into time and strongly perceives the ancient spirit of place.
The abbey after a glorious past, since 1200 lost its importance (like many other), and during latest centuries —exactly since Napoleon Bonaparte’s era— it suffered a ‘multi-step’ destruction. Napoleon closed and destroyed many monasteries, killed a lot of monks, friars and nuns and confiscated a lot of possessions and goods. Then, a lot of goods and possessions were sold at auction to nobles and to rich families. The new owner of the abbey became a French noble. The ancient abbey was utilized as villa. During the French possession some important documents and manuscripts still kept inside the abbey were sent to Modena’s State Archive, others were sent to Rovigo, others had disappeared, some were sold, some were stolen, and even some were found into trash!
We tell below what found Barbara and Daniele when they visited Badia Polesine in 2004. Some events are both important and fun.
Today most of rooms included into abbey’s area are closed and it’s not possible to access. But Barbara and Daniele moved into Badia Polesine in a day when an engineer was checking the structures, so they entered with his staff into all rooms normally inaccessible. Barbara and Daniele entered into about 36 rooms; some were ancient and some later added. The latter with decoration in the ceiling belonging to French style of early 1900 are often in a serious deterioration. Into some rooms a part of ceiling was lacking and it rained into. Some rooms were in better condition and were still utilized as headquarters of varies associations. The abbey’s garden was in better state rather than the rooms, there were big magnolia trees, and a pool without water. There was a zone in which there were digs in progress; into the area there were also the sepulchers of the Estes’ important men, but their crypts were outside the gate and ever accessible by anyone. Into the area there was also an archive, Barbara and Daniele visited it with the aim to find information, but all important books there were no longer in there.
More interesting was the meeting with the old caretaker, not still in service. Barbara and Daniele had news of his existence by the engineer and they met him into his apartment, localized next to the abbey’s area. The old man knew the story of abbey during last decades more than any other. Nowadays he was kept still into bed and nursed by Moldavian man…
Here you are the old man testimony collected by Barbara and Daniele:
« More than fifty years ago, all things were owned by a French countess, a Parisian noble, who used to spend summer holidays here. Rooms were refined furnished, there were a lot of things, musical instruments, it was just a palace, and some ornaments were golden decorated. I cultivated the garden, so when the ladies came they had fresh vegetables too. There were also beautiful roses, indeed still today there are someone, a few but very beautiful, as the yellow ones and the yellow inlaid with red. The abbey was opened to tourists during the most part of year and it was destination of numerous tourists coming from all worlds. Sometimes there were classes of students. A lot of tourists were English people.
Later, the noble French family shared the villa’s possessions with some cousins and all together inhabited the place.
A day, in the middle of the night a convoy leaved the villa in a furtive manner, stealing a lot of treasures, which were kept into abbey. Police intervened but it was too late, important treasures had yet disappeared.»
Barbara and Daniele had heard from engineer that some rumors described the existence inside the abbey of a big precious stone, a sort of jewel, but he said he found nothing during his controls. Barbara and Daniele asked to caretaker about. The Moldavian nurse tried to close the conversation saying it was a legend, but his friend, a Moldavian too, confirmed the story. “I have read into religious chronicle that a precious stone of great beauty was exposed in the past to visitors…” The caretaker confirmed that a beautiful green and red stone of hexagonal form was set into the cavity of the well, he tried more than one time to take it, but the stone was so fixed that it was just impossible to remove. The stone disappeared the same night in which a lot of things were stolen, as told above. However the caretaker was sure that the jewel wasn’t took away but it was still hid somewhere in the area.
The story impressed Barbara and Daniele and they had the strong sensation that all people encountered into abbey’s ruins all together they were searching for the great jewel. Engineer, Moldavian men, and Padova’s researchers, are only some of those people who are searching for. In regard caretaker said that even many were searching for treasure, indeed they didn’t know where to dig.
The old caretaker well knew that his destiny was related to the jewel: as long as the jewel would not be found Moldavians would have took care of him.
Barbara and Daniele thinking was that the story of jewel was not a legend, and they found that an ancient picture formed a rebus strictly correlated to the Calaone’s treasure. The abbey belongs to a quartet of the oldest abbeys in the world, and Calaone’s castle was inherited just by one of the two Estes’ ancestors buried in Badia Polesine.
.5 The Contardo case
Contardo died during a long trip while he was passing through Broni’s territories during a pilgrimage. The tradition told that after his death, many extraordinary events and miracles happened. He was recognized as saint person, he was buried in Broni and today his corpse is still there, he is officially saint, and his body is visible into the church.
Some studies say he belongs to Este dynasty, but question is still open, because not all researchers agree on the fact that Contardo belong to the house of Este.
The oldest biography talk about an important boss belongs to a dynasty in Ferrara, born around 1216. But at that date dynasty still lived into first-area, consequently Contardo if he really belongs to dynasty he would be born in Calaone or into Este and not into Ferrara. The only man of our dynasty, who could have child in that period, was just Beatrice III’s father. The Modena’s temple of dynasty enumerated him among statues of saints belonging to dynasty (src18).
Errors about his figure were done repeatedly along centuries. At that time, in 1216, the dynasty had only a descendent capable of governing and having child: Beatrice III’s father. He reigned only few years and died young, his brother and successor (the Beatrice II’s father), reigned for more time, and it was under Beatrice-II’s father rule that Erinni was conquered definitively. Perhaps this maybe because of his greater fame that researchers attribute to Beatrice-II’s father the Contardo’s paternity, but it’s impossible, he was just a child into 1216.
Some oil paintings are collected into Beatrice II’s convent: they would represent Beatrice II (pnt48c) and Contardo(pnt57c), and they suggest the idea that they were sister and brother, because the picture was ordered and paid by their father. But important basic characteristics are false: painting shows Beatrice II with black hairs, indeed all know that she is blonde, as a relic of lock hair, destined to pilgrims, testified in convent (We speak later about this mystery, see «Some paintings are fabricated» at page 21).
Latest studies, those of Barbara and Daniele included, say that Contardo is a Beatrice-III’s brother. Differently from Beatrice III, Contardo kept his cult and his importance just until today.
Some years ago, a group of Broni’s researchers made a wide investigation about Contardo and collected data about his saint into a big book (src005). In particular they searched information, portraits and any other things not only in Italy but also abroad. They collected data about Beatrice II and Beatrice III, too. Their book was funded by banks, collects miscellaneous material, was not on sale and even it had disappeared from Broni’s public library when Barbara and Daniele visited Broni.
According to our researcher, Barbara and Daniele, instead to continue in infinite hypothesis about Contardo parents, it’s better a DNA examination on Contardo’s body; better still a DNA examination on every saint of this dynasty. This would resolve any doubt concerning bloodline, cause of death, illness, and age….
To tell the truth, Barbara and Daniele had a “strange” sensation visiting Broni. They talked with local people to understand the feeling with their patron Contardo, since in other town, for example Padova, Calaone and so on, they detected confuse ideas. Also in Broni knowledge is confused, but people are gentle, happy to see our researchers. Surely it was better to explore the public library, in order to find an important book about Contardo. Well, the two copies had disappeared: in vain the secretary looked for them on list of “lent books” merely thinking they would have been lent. So she said, trying to seem professional and with all situations under control: —“Books are on restructuring, they are old and wear out”. Barbara and Daniele smiled: books of eight years old wear out?
Later, they entered into the church in which the Contardo’s body was kept. Here one can see that Contardo’s head is a little bit distant from his body: it had been cut, put on a column and successively was positioned again at its natural place next to his neck. Plus, on the left our researchers noticed two statues of angels, which had lost their wings and were in restructuring...
Summing up: the library loses books, Contardo loses head and angels lose their wings. “Perhaps it’s better to go away”, Barbara and Daniele think. But, heroically they want the famous book about Contardo, so they hazarded to go to the local religious office.
The chief gave on their hand a copy of the book inviting them to keep further contacts. “It’s not easy to obtain information and in Broni we have invested a lot of money and time,” he said.
The chief continued: “ Contardo died here between this hill, during a pilgrimage. So he became our patron: a saint never stays in secret, a lot of signs and miracles accompanied following centuries. But having accurate historical information is very difficult. Also another good researcher, Felisatti, had studied Contardo. He sent his publication to this office by his spontaneous will, but he died suddenly soon after, before to receive the letter of thanks from Broni. Also he talked about your towns, like Padova and Este; according to him Contardo was born just in Calaone”. Finally he asked: “you come from that area too, don’t you?”.
“Like Contardo we came from that area, and we agree with Felisatti about Contardo, it’s better to escape!” thought Barbara and Daniele looking at them and having a shiver. “How many people have lost something here?” was their thinking.
Barbara and Daniele thanked the chief and went away, at a run: they have an old friend some kilometers from Broni, and took refuge there: finally a friendly face.
.6 Fabricating Untrue Portraits and Lucretia Borgia
In different places of the word it seems there are numerous paintings portraying the visible aspect of each saint Beatrice and the visible saint Contardo: is it true? No, it’s true only partially: some considerations must be carefully taken. Some portraits are false: this falsity doesn’t concern about attribution to a famous artist or another, but it consists about they don’t report the real visible aspect and/or face of the saint: in brief they were fabricated.
Into XVI century a member of Este’s dynasty married Lucretia Borgia, an important well-known daughter of a topmost religious figure: Lucretia was the illegitimate daughter of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, who ruled as Pope Alexander VI from 1492 to 1503 and whose family became known for corruption and scandal. Tradition tells about Lucretia Borgia that she had numerous lovers also among artists, and some poets dedicated to her their famous works. Some famous painters made numerous portraits of Lucretia Borgia. Lucretia Borgia had the mania to be painted with the appearance of most important women belong to dynasty, with appearance of her rivals, as well as with the appearance of ancient Greek women, subject of mythology, and even with the appearance of her mother.
The historical and artistic situation was also influenced by Leonardo da Vinci, with his famous painting “Monna Lisa”: other minor artists, presented Lucretia Borgia painted in the same characteristic of Vinci’s model. So we can find some oil paintings about Lucretia Borgia, positioned like Monna Lisa, with her features mixed with other person or mythos.
We quote shortly a study about Lucretia Borgia extracted from Src107:
“No picture of the famous woman exists either in that city or in Modena. Although many, doubtless, were painted, none has been preserved. In Ferrara there were numerous artists, Dossi, Garofalo, Cosma, and others. Titian may have painted the Lucretia Borgia's portrait. His likeness of another important woman of the dynasty, Lucretia Borgia's rival in beauty, is preserved in the Belvedere gallery in Vienna; it shows a charming feminine face of oval contour, with regular lines, brown eyes, and an expression of gentle womanliness. There is no portrait of Lucretia Borgia from this master's hand, for the one in the Doria Gallery in Rome, which some ascribe to him and others to Paul Veronese,—although this artist was not born until 1528,—is one of the many fictions we find in galleries. In the Doria Gallery there is a life-sized figure of an Amazon with a helmet in her hand, ascribed to Dosso Dossi, which is said to be a likeness of her mother…”
Lucretia Borgia mixed with an Amazon and her mother! It’s really a bizarre idea.
The same source Src107 tells the graves of Lucretia Borgia and her husband and numerous other members of the dynasty have disappeared soon after Lucretia Borgia’s death. Ironically, the fate made that after Lucretia Borgia’s end a lot of her paintings disappeared, and today it’s very difficult to declare with exactness her real aspect, by contrast it exists numerous portraits about Lucretia Borgia in the part of other persons.
Well, in a portrait of XVI century Lucretia Borgia was painted in the role of saint Beatrice II (later we refer to such portrait as pnt48). Lucretia Borgia in the role of Beatrice-II created a lot of chaos, because into following centuries the picture was confused with the real portrait of Beatrice II (instead of the portrait of Lucretia Borgia into the role of Beatrice II). Numerous copies of such portrait (pnt48) have been made, some alike and some little different, and now they are still populating museums and/or convents. The original (pnt48) was find into United States and one identical copy (pnt48c), made two centuries after, is kept into the convent founded by Beatrice-II.
Less than 10 years ago, Ferrara celebrated the fifth centenary about “Lucretia Borgia’s entrance in Ferrara” and for the occasion many pictures came back to Ferrara’s, including the pnt48, which was taken as symbol of the event. It was also placed into the cover of a book entitled with Lucretia Borgia full name and it was placed into Internet homepage dedicated to the event.
Still now the pnt48 picture is creating a lot of confusion because it’s like a mixture of the features of the two women, so the portrait can be easy confused. Into past centuries it happened that a Lucretia Borgia’s portrait playing the part of saint Beatrice-II entered into Beatrice’s convent and incredibly was confused by nuns as a portrait of the saint woman! What a sacrilege! Lucretia Borgia was far from to be a saint, in truth Lucretia Borgia is just known as a mistress with a lot of lovers.
Who will tell to the nuns in Beatrice-II’s convent that Beatrice-II’s painting is not the imagine of their saint founder but the imagine of a libertine? It’s also funny. Source Src107, about Lucretia Borgia, reports “According to legend she was a fury, the poison in one hand, the poignard in the other; and yet this baneful personality possessed all the charms and graces.”
Spreading itself over world, the portrait and its copies created a growing misconception about. A copy of pnt48 is still kept into the convent founded by Beatrice-II, its photo is often included into books and other publication about the saint woman. A website, for example, wrongly put it with a shortly description of the saint. Also the precise work of Faustino Mostardi made a big misconception reporting the copy of the picture of pnt48 into his book and wrongly describing it as ‘the portrait of Beatrice II when she was young.’
Still before to understand the enigma, Barbara and Daniele noticed that such portrait is very strange. It represents a woman with non-blonde heir! Notoriously, Many members of Este’s dynasty were blondes; even Dante into his Divine Comedy describes members of dynasty as beautiful and blondes. Plus, a Beatrice-II’s hair lock kept into convent proves she was blonde. Yet, Beatrice I and Beatrice II into literature are described as blonde women. However some aspects can have been unseen since a lot of pictures show her as nun and her hair are hidden by habit. But what can’t be seen in the period when she was a nun, there is into other paintings and frescos portraying Beatrice into childhood. Those show her fair hair.
Another incongruence was that the woman represented is with princely wedding dress. Indeed, Beatrice II had no marriage as Faustino Mostardi proved into his book.
Comparing portrait pnt48, which represent Lucretia Borgia in the role of saint Beatrice II’, with other pictures of Beatrice-II it comes clear some differences: among them the face of true Beatrice is represented more charming, her nose is nicer and less long than into pnt48 and her eyes are childlike round-eyes.
The source Src107 wrote about Lucretia Borgia: “The face resembles that of her father—as shown by the best medals which we have of him—but slightly; the only likeness is in the strongly outlined nose. Lucretia Borgia's forehead was arched, while father's was flat; her chin was somewhat retreating while his was in line with the lips.”
The nose of Lucretia Borgia as it appears into pnt48, and the noses of her father and her brother as they appear into some portraits, seem to be very similar. Hence pnt48 reported the Lucretia Borgia’s nose rather than the Beatrice’s one.
Despite today the mystery of the pnt48 is partially solved, not all people know such aspect and many still continue to associate pnt48 with the face of saint Beatrice-II. It’s not a good thing! In addition a lot of people know well name and surname about Lucretia Borgia: you can find numerous links to pornographic material and it was just because Lucretia Borgia and her relatives are famous for their orgiastic festivals and immoral life.
Moreover, Ferrara seems to play too much around sacred and profane: the fifth centenary of Lucretia Borgia’s entrance into town was celebrated putting like symbol of manifestation the ambiguous pnt48 painting, mixing the sacred figure of Beatrice II with the profane figure of Lucretia Borgia. Barbara and Daniele* in the period they scanned Ferrara’s churches looking for whatever information about their researches, they faced to an incredible situation that embarrassing them: once they arrived just in front of a church, they quickly entered and opened wide their eyes when they realized that they didn’t entered into a spiritual place but into a porno movie theater. The building had maintained on outside its original form of a church, but inside all ran differently, just Barbara and Daniele thinking was: ‘anyway, Erinni has the habit to mix sacred and profane’.
Into «The Contardo case» at page 19 we have reported some information about saint Contardo and Broni. As we told, Contardo’s followers collected into a big book a lot of information about their patron saint. Well! In their book there are the original pnt48 found in United States and a copy kept in Erinni’s convent and many other paintings. The reason to collect Beatrice’s pictures into Contardo’s book is simple: Contardo is just considered a Beatrice’s brother consequently all data concerning Beatrice are collected too. Even in their big book it is also present the misconception to wrongly consider pnt48 as a Beatrice’s portrait instead of the portrait of Lucretia Borgia playing the role of Beatrice-II. But they introduces a novelty, they venture the idea the portrait represents Beatrice III and not Beatrice II and therefore they believe it is the Contardo’s sister portrait! So it would have particular importance for Contardo’s followers.
As far we know there is only a saint with the name of Contardo. Into the ‘big book’ there is collected a strange portrait of Contardo entitled “Saint Contardo”: the picture presents delicate features. We have coded this portrait as pnt57.
In regard Barbara and Daniele have many doubts that pnt57 represents Contardo. When they went to Broni in order to retrieve information they saw the Contardo’s body in the church exposed to people eyesight in a transparent box. His head has strong and considerable features: he is not a mere skeleton, his remains helps even today to imagine his face. Well, Contardo as he was represented into pnt57 doesn’t seem to be the same Contardo as he is in the box! Many other artists painted Contardo very different. The challenge was to understand who is the person really represented into pnt57.
Barbara and Daniele analyzed that pnt48 is very similar to pnt57: even if former represent a woman and the latter a man, however they are very similar: same pose, similar eyes, similar nose, similar features… Reader can find no strange this resemblance, or better, this likeness could be the proof that Beatrice and Contardo were really brother and sister. And this way of thinking seems to be the same of the big-book authors. But big-book’s authors didn’t know that pnt48 was the portrait of Lucretia Borgia in the part of Beatrice; indeed they believed it was the portrait of saint Beatrice. Barbara and Daniele noticed that the author of pnt48 painted in XVI century numerous portraits, which are all together, similar even when they represented different persons. This phenomenon is due probably to two factors, firstly it’s due to his own style and secondly it’s due he really painted Lucretia Borgia into every role, thence Lucretia Borgia populating major part of his works also making his works to be all similar!
What a surprise! Could Pnt57 be ‘Lucretia Borgia in the part of Contardo’? Honestly, it’s too much! Even for Lucretia Borgia! Yet, the features between the mouth and the eyes, painted into pnt57, are alike the one painted into pnt48 and plus they are the same features painted in other portraits which belong all to Lucretia Borgia! Honestly, pnt57 could be more similar to Lucretia Borgia’s brother rather than the Beatrice’s one. No other pictures which portrayed Contardo is similar to pnt57 and this strengthened the idea that pnt57 is a fake paintings. Someone could have created pnt57 with the aim to create a hypothetic Contardo’s portrait on the basis of pnt48 (using natural resemblance). Who did this, could have known or perhaps could not, that pnt48 wasn’t a true Beatrice’s portrait! But surely he wanted to create an imaginary Beatrice’s brother.
Before to continue we introduce another worldwide famous painting of the same author: the portrait of Lucretia Borgia in the part of a Greek mythological figure, coding it as pnt49.
Barbara and Daniele had an idea: what happens if we cover every elements of face with every element of another face and repeating the process for pnt48, pnt49 and pnt57?
So they covered pnt48 with pnt49, pint 48 with pnt57, pnt49 with pnt57… two by two: the features coincided! Then they made another experiment: they covered the face of every portrait with every elements of face, with the only operation of scaling, so the paintings created a new portrait on which the features coincided perfectly, also the bearing and the relative spatial property are the same: Barbara and Daniele detected that every final painting of the author and relative copies can be obtained from a model standard adding and/or removing to it some elements as moustache (in detail to create Contardo’s portrait), clothes, jewels, …
Finally, taking the standard model and the third paintings here listed (pnt48, pnt49 and pnt57) it’s just possible to use all together to make a comparison with any else portrait determining if this was created under the influence of Lucretia Borgia’s figure (and relative misconceptions) or not.
A lot of work here reported is based on 2005’s work of Daniele and Barbara.
(B) The 2008’s discover
In 2008 an important discover was made in Australia: "What was previously a portrait of an unknown sitter by an unidentified artist now seems likely to be one of the most significant portraits surviving from the Renaissance, by one of the great northern Italian painters, Dosso Dossi," said Gerard Vaughan, director of the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne. The piece of news, reported by newspapers of whole world, indicated that the portrait represent Lucretia Borgia!
We report here some part extracted from the Guardian newspapers of 25 November 2008:
“Mystery portrait is Lucrezia Borgia, claims gallery
The man behind the discovery, Carl Villis, conservator of the National Gallery of Victoria, said the revelation follows three years of painstaking detective work, spanning three continents. "If you had told me two years ago that this painting would be the only known portrait of the most famous and notorious woman in Renaissance history I probably would have shown you the door. "It seemed so preposterous at first that I was almost too embarrassed to suggest it," said Villis.
Villis said he had been intrigued by the portrait since laying eyes on it 18 years ago.
Indeed, the identity of the artist and his subject - originally thought to be a young male - baffled historians and art critics for more than four decades. But following what he describes as "patient detective work", including scientific analysis and meticulous research in Italy, Australia and the US, Villis is certain it could only be of Lucrezia Borgia, painted by Dosso Dossi, a contemporary of Michelangelo and Raphael.
One clue to the subject of the portrait was the dagger held by the figure, which although unheard of in Renaissance portraits of women, symbolised the Roman heroine Lucrezia, renowned for plunging a dagger into her chest after being raped by the son of the king of Rome.
There was also the myrtle bush, highly symbolic in Renaissance painting, which refers to the goddess Venus and indicated the figure was a woman, not a man as originally thought.
"When I started to examine the painting closely and we understood where this was heading I kept quiet about it for quite a while because I just thought it could not possibly be," said Villis.
He said another clue was the similarity between the portrait and a bronze portrait medal of Borgia, made in 1502, which was the only reliable likeness of her features.
The gallery, which will put the portrait on display from Wednesday, expects its conclusion to be heavily scrutinised…”
We included and codified the above paint as pnt50.
The Src00D shows a morphing among different portraits of Lucrezia Borgia.
.7 CONCLUSION: Lucretia Borgia was just a malediction for Estes!
Lucretia Borgia instilled inside Este’s dynasty an irreversible process that flowed later in the loss of Ferrara reign, and she was also the origin of several evils. It had better no one of Estes would have married Lucretia Borgia. Estes were not enthusiastic: they were successors of an ancient noble dynasty, and Lucretia Borgia was an illegitimate daughter of a of topmost religious, since youthful she had been promised to a lot of men, and at that time just married twice.
The saint Beatrice-II, just in the years on which pnt48 was painted, dissolved under the shocked eyes of her nuns, remaining only with skeleton, while before her body had remained uncorrupted for more than two centuries. Later, Lucretia Borgia ‘entered’ into convent through pnt48 portrait taking the false form of Beatrice, creating an upsetting of roles: Lucretia Borgia, a libertine and illegitimate daughter of topmost religious, playing the part of Beatrice, saint and daughter of a noble dynasty.
Nuns considering the genuine portrait of her founder made sacrileges praying beside her figure… and Erinni still today seems don’t understand the seriousness of the fact, producing events utilizing one more time the ambiguous portrait of Lucretia Borgia in the part of saint Beatrice-II, joking with saints.
The last straw is, many portraits of Blessed Beatrice II, painted since then, are a copy of the Bartolomeo Veneto’s work (as pnt48c is), that is they are series of Lucrezia Borgia’s portrait…
All this means that not only it’s very hard to determine the real face of Lucretia, but also is difficult to find today a true portrait of blessed Beatrice II!
We think Lucretia created this situation deliberately. She was just an Erinni! Not at all, some evils sprang up from her! She was very good to create false appearance. To tell the truth, she wanted to destroy.
Chapter reports a list of the most important breakthroughs made by Daniele and Barbara.
Before reader must understand context and origin.
Our researchers Barbara and Daniele were not properly historians; they were person who had the good luck to see, in 2004, an immaterial treasure among the hill of Calaone. They were normal people that fate made became involuntary ‘self-made’ historians and/or reporters.
First thing they found was that Calaone gave birth to the saint Beatrice-II. The fact that citizens and parish priests were totally in the dark about caused to them great surprise. Searching information for Beatrice-II they faced soon later to saint Beatrice-III, and so on…
They found into Calaone an incredible source of saints, which seemed to hide it from local people. Barbara and Daniele took care of the fortune. Digging into history and into convents as well as into libraries and churches, as result they found more and more material. The innovation and revolution that they brought into field were huge as well as a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking.
What happened can be described as a picture: imagine archeologists that continuing to dig they come to surface an entire town hidden into sand. There was surprise, when soon they saw that such ‘town’ had already been discovered by other archeologists before them, and even more surprise when they discovered that the work of previously researchers had been buried too, together with town, because of oversight, time, envy, private interests, fate, private exploitation, … as we have already told into first part.
Barbara and Daniele carried out the fundamental task to come to surface not only the hidden ‘town’ but also even the forgotten works.
As long as Barbara and Daniele made public their discoveries they faced also to a series of difficulties and more than one tried to block them. Proceeding towards they discovered the causes, which originated most of those problems, as we have already told into first part of the document.
Therefore their breakthrough was not a mere historical discovery but it consists of a complicated mixture of historical and not historical aspects.
What they found could be divided into:
§ Historical and religious things (normally unknown);
§ Books, manuscripts and documents forgotten into libraries and convents and/or rebuked;
§ Correlations among unexpected people and events never observed;
§ Private and international interests running around.
Barbara and Daniele discoveries and works are relative to period between August 2004 and May 2005. What they discovered in such period was made public and this publication affected the entire case with post effects. This feed back created a ulterior phenomenon that was the reaction of authorities to Barbara and Daniele’s discoveries, and the reaction was a further element of study concerning the ‘private interests’ (latter point) that run around, that are explained into first part of the case. However, after May 2005 Barbara and Daniele had to leave their home due to menaces their receives and it was not possible for them to continue studying (before to leave, they released a lot of information and results). Today, It would be useful to study in depth the influence of their works into local authorities, religious orders, and citizens.
There is information about dynasty, obtained copying data from various sources, without a sane validity check and even without a relation of the real world. For example a large work published in Broni, indicated Calaone as a fraction of Este and, in turn, Este was wrongly localized by Broni researchers into the province of Erinni! Above misconceptions are serious and not mere oversights or misprint. Investigating about, Barbara and Daniele find out that a lot of people really have such wrongly geographical ideas.
Some of above misconceptions are present in more documents, specifically, we can see:
§ Beatrice II was described generally as ‘saint of Erinni’ without specifying the precise birthplace;
§ Beatrice II’s birthplace is wrongly indicated in Erinni instead of Calaone;
§ Beatrice II’s birthplace is indicated in Calaone but there are no further information helping localization. Seeing that Beatrice is strongly claimed by Erinni as its own saint, hence Calaone is automatically considered as a part of Erinni (Calaone is more 100 kilometers far away from Erinni!).
In truth, Beatrice II is really an Erinni’s saint, meaning that her cult is assigned to Erinni diocese, her body is kept into the still existent Erinni’s convent founded by her into medieval era and a lot of inhabitants of Erinni admitted their tribute. But all this doesn’t mean she was born into Erinni, however a lot of people make this misconception and it seems some Erinni writers do nothing in order to clarify the misconception.
Logically it is just impossible that Beatrice II birthplace is Erinni, for the only reason that the town belonged to their opponents in those years, the place was just inhospitable and marshy: Beatrice founded her convent there, and her dynasty invested money also to drain areas next to the river. These types of misconceptions would be evitable with more attention, and there isn’t necessary to be a historian to find such errors. If Broni’s researchers had caught train or car reaching Calaone they probably would have realized that Calaone isn’t into Erinni’s province! An Erinni’s writer makes a similar misconception putting Calaone into an eastern province rather than Padova. Other describes Calaone wrongly as a Este’s hamlet.
Misconceptions about dynasty and its saints are not a novelty, Already the monk Faustino Mostardi in his book about Beatrice II published in early 1960s, faced to innumerable situations like the ones we have described. In his book he dismantled with his strong technical work a lot of wrong thesis reporting evidences and proofs. Some latest writers don’t seem to know the Faustino Mostardi’s work and catching data from works written before inevitably they bring into existence those old misconceptions again …making vain the hard work of the monk.
Daniele and Barbara discover that each of the three principal areas in which dynasty reigned — the province of Padova, Erinni and Modena provinces— have a special “local own verity”. Each area reports information about history and collects dynasty data in a different way. Moreover there is a fourth area, made up by the territories of Broni, which maintain special information about Contardo. This divergence creates the strange phenomenon that apparently there isn’t a unique historical truth. Some historical events or figures are well known into an area and not in another one. The distribution of information as well as the lack of data don’t affected all people in the same way, but generally it’s to say that population are kept in the dark and only researchers, experts and other people who like to go into libraries can arrive to know a piece of the truth.
The four areas are today very different, a lot of distance it exists among one another into ideology, political aspects, history…
Barbara and Daniele during their studies perceived, even still now, into some Padova’s citizens an absurd hatred against this dynasty and its members, just like the 1200’s war of Padova’s against dynasty would be never ended. On the other hand Erinni try to take control on all what concerns dynasty. In regard, Modena is more similar to Padova and want to cancel all things relative to dynasty. These attitudes are hardly ever the ones of common population, indeed population move into directives fixed by few and sadly common population is simply in the dark.
Barbara and Daniele notice that into Calaone, Baone and Este the major part of the truth about dynasty’s saints is hidden to population. Into this area only the elder saint Beatrice (the first) is common known, while the second and third Beatrice are hardly ever known. We explain better later.
Barbara and Daniele discover that all together citizens of Calaone, Baone and generally of the entire province were in the dark about the existence in their own place of a powerful castle during Middle Ages. Baone, which owns the hamlets of Calaone and Gemmola, reminds only facts and festivities concerning Beatrice I. Barbara and Daniele discover that Baone doesn’t do any tribute to Beatrice II and/or to Beatrice III who were both born into its territory and municipality does nothing to remind its ancient castle and its glorious millenarian past.
Baone and Este remind facts and festivities concerning the elder Beatrice, for example every year citizens remind with costumes of that era, her life at castle, her escape from castle to the first convent, her profession of faith and the foundation of convent into Gemmola. But Barbara and Daniele notice that those feasts and performances are missing of the entire period when Beatrice-I lived at Calaone castle and Daniele and Barbara notice that people ignore that Beatrice I lived at higher Calaone’s castle before to became a nun. The performances run all around the Este’s castle and nothing else.
Yet, information is not hidden at all! It seems Calaone’s and Este’s citizens have had a brainwashing about. Inside cathedral there is a public document put up on the left of Beatrice-I’s body that certify her passage to another castle before to became a nun. Therefore people should realize with their own mind that those performances about their own Beatrice are wrongly executed.
In 2004, Barbara and Daniele notice that the citizens of Este, Calaone, and generally of the entire first area, don’t know that the saint Beatrice-II was born into Calaone. Into 2005’s Internet official local websites of first-area there were some documents talking about Beatrice-I and his convent of Gemmola, but there was no page dedicated to Beatrice-II! Keep in mind: no one page. Barbara and Daniele detect that no one cult is offered to her in birthplace. Sadly, population doesn’t remind her both into her birthplace and into her birthplace’s province!
Into 2004, Barbara and Daniele notice that the citizens of Este, Calaone, and generally of the entire first area, know nothing about holy Beatrice-III. Common people ignore that such saint were born in Calaone. Barbara and Daniele notice that no one cult is offered to her into Calaone. Sadly, neither population nor religious remind her into her birthplace! Into Internet official website of municipality there is no page dedicated to the famous queen Beatrice-III!
Faustino Mostardi’s, into his biography about Beatrice II, wrote an entire chapter dedicated to Calaone. His book put an end to numerous misconceptions setting the record straight about Beatrice II and indirectly about the other two-saint Beatrice.
Figure 1 -The first Chapter of "Beata Beatrice II d'Este", Faustino Mostardi, 1963, Fondazione Cini, Venezia
Daniele and Barbara notice that such book in practice has disappeared. It’s no longer sold, it has never been reissued, and it’s no longer publicized! Barbara and Daniele notice that Calaone inhabitants and/or parish have no copy of such book, which describes the magnificence of Calaone. Neither villager knows its existence[G1].
SS chased after Graal into numerous medieval castles during World War II. Calaone castle was among them. Investigating into Calaone, Barbara and Daniele collect information about the presence of SS into territory during World Wide War II, and in particular, they collect a memory from a kidnapped person who inhabited around the Calaone castle ruins. SS destroyed walls, and even they exploded part of a hill searching in important relics.
Barbara and Daniele notice that some famous portraits common knew as portrait of saint Beatrice II and saint Contardo, in reality they don’t correspond to the portrait of such saints. We explain in “Fabricating Untrue Portraits” at page 21.
Faustino Mostardi in his book wrote that the cult of Beatrice III was assigned to Modena’s diocese.
Barbara and Daniele notice that nowadays no cult is offered to the holy figure.
Erinni claim Beatrice II as its own saint as we have already explained into point (A) and do the same with Contardo. Erinni has the leadership in managing information about. Generally the situation just runs as if all saints Beatrice and other related information would be strictly copyrighted by Erinni… and really Erinni make an incredible exploitation-managing dynasty and ‘its saints’. Exhibitions, books, convention… bring into town numerous tourists and researchers.
Barbara and Daniele notice a correlation between ignorance and exploitation of Calaone’s air and soil. See Chapter III point «Wild Exploitation of Air, Soil, Soul, Earth and Hearth».
Barbara and Daniele notice an incredible private use of public things regarding dynasty and its saints. See Chapter III point «Wild Exploitation of Air, Soil, Soul, Earth and Hearth»
Barbara and Daniele found that in the town of Badia Polesine at the same place where today there are only abbey’s ruins, about 50 years ago the place pullulated of students and people, also coming from abroad. Today, seeing the abbey condition whatever citizen could think this is just impossible.
Into Este, about 50 years ago, a lot of people and busses coming from abroad visited saint Beatrice I at cathedral. Today is a deadly dull.
As the two places mentioned above, many of other places suffer not only of deterioration, but also many things have disappeared. People don’t know these aspects, but also memory of the lively recent past has gone.
In both cases it seems into the area a tornado passed through sowing death and desolation.
What Barbara and Daniele revealed between August 2004 and May 2005 was fundamental to shed light on Erinni’s mysteries. Their work was innovative and involved a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving.
Into this work we have reported basic and essential information and what is normally unknown or wrongly known. Readers can obtain information from other sources keeping in mind what we have written here, also as errata corrige of other operas. We recommend to all people who want to go deeper not to limit in reading but also to move into places, looking for what still remains of spirit and things.
[2011- First production]
[2013- Re-edited ]
In 2004, Barbara and Daniele discover that Baone doesn’t do any tribute to Beatrice II and/or to Beatrice III who were both born into its territory and municipality does nothing to remind its ancient castle and its glorious millenarian past.
What about today?
In July 2013 we made an inquiry searching for data into Baone’s official website as well as into Este’s municipal official website. We watched the website looking for information about and we searched on Google. Nothing is changed since 2004, notwithstanding Town hall, religious and citizen were informed about, still now there’s no page related to blessed Beatrice II, Beatrice III queen of Hungary, Castle of Calaone, as well as Faustino Mostardi. There is only data about blessed Beatrice I (already present in the past).
What is really changed is all around. As time went on, there is more and more material that one can found in internet. Through whatever search engine or by Google digital Books you can find a lot of material about. So, even if Baone’s village writes nothing, there are many sources on Google Books that talks about this “missing” material.
While the monk Faustino Mostardi is celebrated into his native town with a street entitled to his name and has good reputation and he is known for his meticulousness, by contrast, in Baone his opera “Beata Beatrice II d’Este”, which start with a chapter entitled just “Luce in Calaone” , is not mentioned!
However Baone into its website mentions the feast of peas (the leguminous plant of the genus Pisum) and the feast of chestnuts. When in 2004, Baone made a twinning with the Provencal village of Coudoux (France) , Baone based the first meeting feast talking about peas and chestnuts, instead of talking about the ancient link between the two village: in Middle Ages Provencal troubadours came to Calaone castle at Estes’ court to sing poetry! What a difference!
Searching for “Beatrice” into Google (limiting search to website www.comune.baone.it) we found 19 results! As you can see, there’s nothing about Beatrice II and Beatrice III.
To go deeper, we also moved manually into Baone’s official website looking for data: nothing except than a little citation of Beatrice III queen of Hungary: “Vi si rifugiò anche una nipote della fondatrice dopo la prematura scomparsa del marito Andrea II re d'Ungheria (1235). Si chiamava anche lei Beatrice “ .
Therefore our conclusion is: Faustino Mostardi, blessed Beatrice II and Calaone castle are totally unmentioned (rebuked) . About Beatrice III there is only the above passage. This happened on 2004, and still is happening today. In 2004 Daniele and Barbara Francese checked that Baone’s citizens — and in general Padua’ citizens — were in the dark about Beatrice II and Beatrice III, except than few historians (the official historian of Town Hall included). At that time Barbara and Daniele did a lot in order to make citizen know their valuable historical paste!
“Baone and its citizens have had a great opportunity to restore their memory and to repair their faults: unfortunately they firmly wanted to go to the direction of hell with full conscience. There’ nothing else to do. ” Barbara and Daniele said.
We have collected a lot of Google’s searches apart, as proof, into a PDF file.
Chapter VIII. BIBLIOGRAPHY and sources
From same authors:
Src00A: , THE ERINNI CASE, first version published in internet on 2011
Src00B: , THE Ghost,
Src00C: ,L’Arbre du Mal
Src00D: Video Morphing about various Lucrezia Borgia’s aspects
Src001:Faustino Mostardi, Beata Beatrice II d’Este, Fondazione Cini, 1963, Venezia
Src002:Giovanni Lazzoni, statues of blessed Beatrice I-II-III d’Este and San Contardo, St. Augustine’s Church – Modena (Italy)
Src004:Andrea Castagnetti, Dai da Ganaceto (Modena) ai da Calaone (Padova) fra conti veronesi, Canossa ed Estensi, 2003, Published by Reti medioevali http://www.storia.unifi.it/_RM/rivista/saggi/Castagnetti.htm#92
Src005: Mino Baldi e Carlo Orsi, San Contardo d'Este Pellegrino, Confessore, Patrono di Broni, Compatrono delle Città di Modena, di Lugagnano Val D'arda e Altoè (Pc) Letteratura capitale, arte e culto con annotazioni completate da notizie su le Beate Beatrice II e III d'Este, Biblioteca della Collegiata S. Pietro Apostolo – Broni, 1996
Src107: Ferdinand Gregorovius, Lucretia Borgia According to Original Documents and Correspondence of Her Day, First published New York 1904,Reissued 1968 by Benjamin Blom.
Src108: Francesco Torraca, Le donne italiane nelle poesie provenzali, Firenze, Sansoni, 1901
Src109: Giulio Bertoni, I trovatori d’Italia, 1976
Src110: Sertorio Orsato, Historia de Padova, 1678
Src111: L.Gualtieri di Brenna - Cesare Cantù, Grande illustrazione del Lombardo-Veneto, ossia storia delle …, 1859
Src112: Nuvolato, Storia di Este,
Src500: the Guardian of Nov 25,2008 http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/nov/25/portrait-lucrezia-borgia-australia
Beatrice I (Wikipedia),: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blessed_Beatrice_d%27Este
Beatrice II (Wikipedia), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatrice_d%27Este_(died_1262)
Beatrice II (Enc.Treccani), http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/beatrice-d-este_(Dizionario-Biografico)/
Beatrice III (Wikipedia) : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatrice_d%27Este,_Queen_of_Hungary
Beatrice I,II,III (YouTube), :”The Gold Way”
(B) House of Este
House of Este (Wikipedia) : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Este
Genealogy of House of Este (Welfen)
(C) Municipalities, towns, convents and churches.
Baone (town), official site: http://www.comune.baone.pd.it/
Este (town), municipality official site: http://www.comune.este.pd.it/
Ferrara (town), municipality official site: http://www.comune.fe.it/
Modena (town), municipality official site: http://www.comune.modena.it/
Broni (town), municipality official site : http://www.comunebroni.gov.it/it/
Convent of Sant’Antonio in Polesine http://www.artecultura.fe.it/366/monastero-di-sant-antonio-in-polesine
Into this chapter we report charts, information, paints and photos.
.1 The Southern Euganea hills – Today
Description: The picture shows the location of Este, Baone, Calaone and Gemmola. Este and Baone centers are situated at plain. Calaone’s hamlet is about 220 meters above sea level and is between Monte Cero and Monte Castello. In the past the Estes had various castles, among them the Este’s castle at plain and the Calaone’s castle (this one was located near the actual village’s church). You can explore these territories through Google maps (Streetview included). Today Este and Baone are municipality situated in the southern part in Padua province, Calaone and Valle San Giorgio are hamlets belonging to Baone district.
Note: the name of Este dynasty comes from Este Village, in turn Este derives from Atheste, which was the ancient name of Adige river.
Note: Monte Cero, Monte Gemmola, Monte Castello… even if they are called “Monte” —mountain in English— , indeed they are hills.
.2 Family Tree –Relation among three blessed
Description: The chart shows the relation among the three blessed. Adobrandino, Beatrice I and Azzo VII have the same father but Aldobrandino is an offspring of first marriage, Beatrice I of second marriage and Azzo VII of third marriage, therefore they are stepbrothers. Beatrice II and Beatrice III are cousins, and Beatrice I is the aunt of Beatrice II and Beatrice III.
The Saint Augustine’s Church in Modena hosts personalities of the Estes. The church is also known as Pantheon Atestinum. There are a lot of statues and paints. Statues of the three Beatrice and Contardo has been created into XVII by Giovanni Lazzoni and Lattanzio Maschio. The church is still active.
Author: Giovanni Lazzoni
Subject: Blessed Beatrice I
Location: St. Augustine Church
Author: Giovanni Lazzoni
Subject: Blessed Beatrice II
Location: St. Augustine Church
Author: Lattanzio Maschio
Subject: Blessed Beatrice III queen of Hungary
Location: St. Augustine Church
The author, Giovanni Lazzoni was born in 1618 and died after 1687.
The author, Maschio Lattanzio was born around 1642 and died after 1694
Author: Giovanni Lazzoni
Subject: Saint Contardo
Location: St. Augustine Church
Author: an unknown troubadour
Subject: verses dedicated to Donna Giovanna of Apulia
(mother of blessed Beatrice II)
Sources: src001 page 06, src108 page 22
Sono stato in Calaone,
bello e forte castello.
Ivi ho trovato Donna di pregio;
e non trovai mai una piacente altrettanto,
né udii parlarne,
tanto è caro e buono
il suo pregio riposto in belle maniere.
A motivo di Donna Giovanna,
Este e il Trevigiano,
e la Lombardia e la Toscana
valgono di più;
perché come sento dire dai buoni,
ella è sovrana di pregio.
Chi vuol udir novelle
e suoni di piaceri e d'onore
e di sapere e di senno
e di valore compito
e di ogni insegnamento
e di fin pregio terso,
adorno di fine bellezza,
se ne vada diritto a Calaone,
dove, a piè della torre,
troverà la gentile persona,
piena di dolcezza,
Donna Giovanna piacente.
Author: Bartolomeo Veneto
Subject: portrait of Lucretia Borgia in the role of blessed Beatrix II d’Este
Location: South Bend, Indiana (United States)
Author: Bartolomeo Veneto
Subject: portrait of Lucretia Borgia in the role of a Greek Woman (Flora )
Description: Saint Contardo**
Description: a copy of pnt57 found into Sant’Antonio in Polesine Convent (Ferrara)
Description: a copy of portrait pnt48 found into Sant’Antonio in Polesine Convent (Ferrara)
Object: pnt48 and pnt49 merged
work: digital image processing
Author: Barbara and Daniele Francese*
Description: pnt48 and pnt49 are merged into a single portrait. As you can see the two visages are very similar
Object: pnt48c and pnt57c merged
work: digital image processing
Author: Barbara & Daniele Francese*
Description: pnt48c and pnt57c are merged into a single portrait. As you can see the two visages are very similar. This is too strange! How is it possible that St. Contardo is so similar to pnt48c?
Object: pnt48,pnt48c, pnt49,pnt57c side by side
work: digital image processing
Author: Barbara & Daniele Francese*
Object: Paint - Author: Dosso Dossi (att.)
Description: “LUCRETIA BORGIA. From a portrait attributed to Dosso Dossi, in the possession of Mr. Henry Doetsch, London.” As reported into the book of Ferdinand Gregorovius, Lucretia Borgia According to Original Documents and Correspondence of Her Day ( Src107).
Code: Pnt50- Object: Paint
Author: Dosso Dossi (att.)
Description: The paint discovered in 2008 in Australia, which seems to be the real portrait of Lucrezia Borgia. As you see it’s not so different from the Pnt51.
Note: the source SRC00D (http://youtu.be/Iu-Rf4G-ZPo include this portrait)
Description: the hamlet of Calaone, about 200 meters above sea, belong to district of Baone –Padua – Italy. In the past Calaone was an European center of culture. The Estes received here, at the castle, troubadours from all Europe. Around the castle there were a lot of activities.
Calaone and Monte-Cero view in 1907, before exploitation of “Sky” and soul.
Calaone and Monte-Cero in 2005. Nowadays it’s one of the most important antennas site in Italy. Antennas and quarries have ruined the territory.
Here, in 2005 citizens were totally in the dark about Calaone was the birthplace of Beatrice II and Beatrice III, as well as the first chapter of biography of Beatrice II was entitled just “Luce in Calaone”!
When Barbara and Daniele* spread such information, instead to obtain satisfaction they were persecuted by authorities!
Note: Similar photos in Baone’s official website
Note: you can see similar photos in Google Streetview (search Calaone, strada provinciale 21).
Description: Vangadizza was one of the most ancient abbeys in the world. Today there are the tomb of Adalbert Azzo II of Este and Cunizza of Altdorf . All around ruins.
Sepulchre of Adalbert Azzo II d’Este in Vangadizza - Badia Polesine (Rovigo)
 Names of places and people
 Po is the biggest river in Italy, in the past its watercourse flowed across Ferrara, but not today.
 municipality official site: http://www.comune.fe.it/
For the two researcher we still use nicknames. Notice other documents can use other nicknames than these ones
 in turn, the name of the village belongs to Atheste: the ancient name of the Adige river.
 The abbey of Vangadizza
 The Po, note that its watercourse was moved during centuries.
 Andrew II of Hungary belonging to millenary Arpad family. Beatrice was the third wife. From the first marriage he fathered Saint Elisabeth of Hungary.
 These facts happened before the marriage with Beatrice.
 King Andrew III of Hungary, the last king belonging to Arpad dynasty.
 His family has origin in Tuscany
 Faustino Mostardi
 Today, the Calaone’s Monte Cero is one of the most important antennas site in Italy. See Picture nr. 2
 Unfortunately, later, the same person became mayor of Este municipality (Padua)
 The Sant’Antonio in Polesine convent situated in Ferrara (Italy)
 "Strategy of tension" indicates a period started in 1969, characterized by a series of terrorist bombings, some of which caused large numbers of deaths. The terrorists were right-wing extremists manipulated by intelligence and military structures aiming at provoking a coup d'état, or an authoritarian shift, by inducing the population to believe that the bombs were part of a communist insurgency…
 The village arose around
 The first born into last decade of 1100
 About 15 years later
 Abbey of Nonantola
 Nowadays the book is published also in internet.
 Src500: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/nov/25/portrait-lucrezia-borgia-australiaSrc107
 Source: Faustino Mostardi, “Beata Beatrice II d’Este”
 Cupra Marittima – Marche –Italy (Cupra Marittima 1916- Ferrara 1974)
 Search date: July 2013
 Pulciko & Giannina are Daniele and Barbara Francese. Both are nicknames.
 There are a lot of sources about, the most important : Faustino Mostardi “Beata Beatrice II d’Este”. This book collects the verses of troubadours and their names. Into sources there are listed other sources. Some books can be found digitalized into Google Books, use “Calaone” as search key.